Editor Sibios Editorial Board, M. Cobolli Editor-in-Chief - Publisher Société Internationale de Biospéologie (SIBIOS) / International Society for Subterranean Biology (ISSB)

A scientific journal devoted to the study of cave biology and subterranean ecosystems, published by the Société Internationale de Biospéologie - International Society for Subterranean Biology
Directed by Marina Cobolli (Editor-in-Chief) and the Sibios Editorial Board, ISSN 1768-1448
The publication of Subterranean Biology is the continuation of the previous Mémoires de Biospéologie. Formely directed by Christian Juberthie, 09200 MOULIS France. ISSN 0398 - 7973
The publication of the Mémoires de Biospéologie was the continuation of the previous Notes Biospéologiques (Edited by R. Jeannel at the Muséum d'Histoire Naturelle then by the CNRS) and the Annales de Spéléologie (Edited by the CNRS) and particularly a special sery Ann. Spéléol., Supplt. published by the Laboratoire Souterrain du CNRS.

 Notes Biospéologiques [1947-1958]

 Annales de Spéléologie [1959-1976]

 Mémoires de Biospéologie [1977-2002]

 Subterranean Biology [2003-20..]

Tome 1 - Tome 13 

 Tome 14 - Tome 31

 Tome 32 - Tome 55

 Tome 56 - Tome 61...

 Subterranean Biology is now officially within the list of ISI journals. You may find it at the following address

 Members of SIBIOS : Annual Subscription + Journal: Full Members= 50¤ postage free; Student Members= 30¤ Postage Free
Subscription to the Journal - Abonnement
Subscription price : 40 Euros (delivery charges in addition : France = 3,58 Euros ; Europe = 2,47 Euros ; America, Asia, Africa = 4,12Euros)
Prix de l'abonnement : 40 Euros (Frais postaux en plus : France = 3,58 Euros ; Europe = 2,47 Euros ; Amérique, Asie, Afrique = 4,12Euros)
Payment and order forms will be sent to the SIBIOS Treasurer.
Subterranean Biology Vol. 1 (2003) [Tome 56] is published December 2003 and mailed 2004
Subterranean Biology Vol. 2 (2004) [Tome 57] is published November 2004 and mailed 2005
Subterranean Biology Vol. 3 (2005) [Tome 58] is published October 2005 and mailed 2006
Subterranean Biology Vol. 4 (2006) [Tome 59] is published December 2006 and mailed 2007
Subterranean Biology Vol. 5 (2007) [Tome 60] is published December 2007 and mailed 2008
Subterranean Biology Vol. 6 (2008) [Tome 61] is published December 2008 and mailed 2009

Payment must be sent directly to the SIBIOS Treasurer: Jos Notenboom
Jos Notenboom: Sibios-ISSB Treasurer
Netherlands Environmental Assessment Agency
Postbox 303 NL-3720 AH BILTHOVEN
The Netherlands
Payments sent to the CNRS Laboratory at Moulis (France) will be ignored and refused !

Submission of Papers
Manuscripts submitted for publication in the Journal of Subterranean Biology must be sent to the Editor-in-Chief or to one member of the Editorial Board. Manuscripts are examined by at least two referees then sent back to authors for a definitive version.

Editorial Board 2006-2010

Marina COBOLLI, Editor-in-Chief
Università di Roma "La Sapienza" Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Viale dell'Università, 32 I-00185 ROMA Italy
The American University, Department of Biology, 4400 Massachussetts Avenue NW WASHINGTON DC 20016 USA

Hans-Jürgen HAHN
Institut für Biologie, Universität Koblenz-Landau, Abt. Landau, Im Fort 7 D-76829 LANDAU IN DER PFALZ, Germany

Wittenberg University, Department of Biology, PO Box 720 SPRINGFIELD USA

Old Dominion University, Department of Biological Sciences 23529 0266 NORFOLK VIRGINIA USA

Williams Frank HUMPHREYS
Western Australian Museum, Francis Street WA-6000 PERTH Australia
Leonardo LATELLA

Conservatoire Zoologica, Museo Civico di Storia Naturale di Verona, Palazzo Pompei, Lungadige Porta Vittoria, 9 I-37129 VERONA Italy

Giuseppe MESSANA
Istituto per lo Studio degli Ecosistemi, CNR - ISE, Sede di Firenze, Via Madonna del Piano, I-50019 Sesto Fiorentino FIRENZE Italy
Oana Teodora MOLDOVAN
Institutul de Spéologie "Emil Racovitza", Str. Cinicilor 5PO Box 58, RO-400006 CLUJ-NAPOCA Roimania

European Environment Agency, Kongens Nytorv 6, DK-1050 COPENHAGEN Denmark

Boris SKET
Univerza V Ljubljana, Oddelek za biologijo, Vecna Pot 111, S-61111 LJUBLJANA, Slovenia

Eleonora TRAJANO
Instituto Biociências da USP, Departamento de Zoologia, CP 11461 B-05422-970 SAO PAULO SP Brazil

Christian JUBERTHIE, Honorary Editor
1, impasse St Jacques F-09190 SAINT-LIZIER France

Assistant editor
Claudio DI RUSSO, Universitá di Roma "La Sapienza", Dipartimento di Biologia Animale e dell'Uomo, Viale dell'Universitá, 32 I-00185 ROMA, Italia
Editorial Advisory Board
Belles X. (Spain), Blas M. (Spain), Casale A. (Italy), Coineau N. (France), Da Gama M.M. (Portugal), Danielopol D. (Austria), Deharveng L. (France), Decu V. (Romania), Giani N. (France), Ginet R. (France), Iliffe T.C. (United States), Magniez G; (France), Marmonier P. (France), Oromi P. (Spain), Parzefall J. (Germany), Racovitza G. (Romania), Ribera C. (Spain), Ruffo S. (Italy), Sbordoni V. (Italy), Thibaud J.M. (France), Turquin M.J. (France), Ueno (Japan), Vigna Taglianti A. (Italy), Weber F. (Germany), Wilkens H. (Germany).

Instructions to authors - Guidelines

Subterranean Biology is an international journal published by the Société Internationale de Biospéologie - International Society for Subterranean Biology [SIBIOS-ISSB] for the publication of original and significant contributions on all aspects of subterranean life.
The Journal will consider original scientific papers dealing with any aspect of subterranean ecosystems and their components focusing on biology, ecology, evolution and conservation.
Reviews and Commentaries: The journal welcomes review articles on aspects of subterranean biology. They should be submitted in the same way as research articles but use a simple layout with no more than three levels of headings. Commentaries on previous matter published in the journal may be also considered. Both reviews and commentaries will be reviewed.
Book Reviews: Reviews of books, symposia volumes and conferences pertinent to the journal are welcome

Submission of a manuscript to be considered for publication implies that the results reported have not been published elsewhere and it is not being considered elsewhere for publication. The Journal assumes that manuscripts have been submitted with the consent of all authors. Submitted manuscripts may be accepted for publication after peer review but the authors are solely responsible for the accuracy of information in their papers and for any opinions expressed.
Intending authors should obtain the most recent version of the Notice to Authors as the instructions are amended from time to time. Website : homepage goto "" and journal page goto "".
Submission of manuscripts
Manuscripts to be considered for publication in Subterranean Biology may be submitted to any member of the Editorial Board who will advise the Editor on an appropriate choice of reviewers. Authors need to retain a proper balance between length and substance. The Journal may levy page charges on manuscript of exceptional length or on those accepted for publication from non-members of SIBIOS.
SI units are used throughout. The Journal is preferably published in English, other languages, in Latin alphabet, could be accepted up on request to the editors. An Abstract translation in the author's native language may be added if a Latin alphabet can be used.
Copyright rests with the International Society for Subterranean Biology and a Copyright Assignment form must be completed.
Manuscripts may be submitted for review preferably as hard copy (three copies required) and 3.5 in disc or CDROM version, or by e-mail attachment as a single file, including all illustrations. In either case the final version of accepted manuscripts must include both a hard copy version of the manuscript and an electronic version of the text at least (Word or .rtf format).
Proofs. One set of marked proofs together with the original manuscript will be sent to the corresponding author. Corrections should be made on the marked proofs and returned together with the original manuscript to the copyeditor.
Offprints. Offprints may be purchased using the order form sent with the proofs. Twenty-five offprints of each article are provided free to SIBIOS members.
Preparation of manuscript
The manuscript should be presented concisely and clearly in English ( or other language, if accepted) using direct speech . The title should include the taxonomic position of any named taxon (Order: Family, or higher categories if necessary).
Each English taxonomic name in the text has to be, at its first mention, supplemented by a Latin name; however, the use of Latin names (or anglicized Latin names) is preferred. Each species/subspecies under study in the submitted paper, has to be, at its first mention, completed by the author's name and date of description.
Tabular and illustrative material should be prepared taking into account the journal format which is A4 size double column printed in Times New Roman Font.
Both tables and illustrations should preferably take a single column but the full-page width is available where necessary. Single column width is 83 mm, double column width is 170 mm. Available page size is 230 mm x 170 mm.

Formatting of text
Type the manuscript with double spacing and 3 cm margins to left and right. Print pages only on one side of opaque white A4 paper. Denote paragraphs with extra line spacing (do not use indents). Manuscripts should be assembled in strict order (Title; Author(s); Affiliation; Five key-words and running title; Abstract; Introduction; Methods; Results; Discussion; Acknowledgments; References; Tables with captions; Figure Captions listed; Figures; Appendices) and each page numbered sequentially from page one (in addition Figure, Table, and Appendix numbers should be indicated on the appropriate page).The "decimal" numbering of headings/subheadings is encouraged. Manuscripts not so organised may be returned to the authors. A template of the format can be downloaded from the website: homepage goto "" and journal page goto "".
Spell out numbers less than ten (except when a measured value, e.g. 3 mm or in the telegraphese part of taxonomic descriptions). Use Arabic numerals for numbers ten or greater except at the start of a sentence when they should be spelt out, and use points (4.85) not commas (4,85) to denote decimal point and do not use naked decimals (use 0.01 but not .01). Use no more than three decimal places except for probability values where four decimal places may be used. The use of Roman numerals is encouraged for designation of somites ("body segments") or appendages in arthropods (like : "article 3 of pereopod VII"; in shortened tabelar parts may be "VII/3").
Reference citation
In the body of the paper references should be cited as follows: "as demonstrated by Degas (1856), Degas and Smirnov (1864) and Degas et al (1876)", or else, "as demonstrated repeatedly (Degas 1856; Degas and Smirnov 1864; Degas et al 1876).
In the reference list the journal title should be cited in full and in the appropriate format below:
van der Graaff, W.J., R.W.A. Crowe, J.A. Bunting, M.J. Jackson. 1977b. Relict early Cainozoic drainages in arid Western Australia. Zeitschrift für Geomorphologie, Neue Folge 21: 379-400.
Fenchel, T., B.J. Finlay. 1995. Ecology and evolution in anoxic worlds. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Sarbu, S.M. 2000. Movile Cave: a chemoautotrophically based groundwater ecosystem. Pp. 319-343 in H. Wilkens, D.C. Culver, W.F. Humphreys, eds. Ecosystems of the world, vol 30. Subterranean ecosystems. Amsterdam: Elsevier.
Bergstrom, D.E. 1997. The phylogeny and historical biogeography of Missouri's Amblyopsis rosae (Ozark cavefish) and Typhlichthys subterraneus (southern cavefish). Unpublished M.Sc. thesis, University of Missouri-Columbia.

Give foreign language references in Latin alphabet (copying accents in romance languages, etc) transliterating as necessary to a recognised scheme. Cite translation if that is what was consulted.
Tables are referred to in the text as Table 1, etc., and subsections denoted (a), (b), etc. Footnotes to tables are by superscript letter a, b. Tables should be designed to maximise the double column format and where possible should fit in one column (long thin is preferable to short wide). Only horizontal lines are to be used and only to demarcate the upper and lower bounds of the table and to separate the column captions from the main body of the table, within which there should be no lines or shading but line spacing may be used to facilitate reading. Captions should be self-explanatory.
Do not send original illustrations until the paper is accepted for publication. Illustrations may be returned to the author after publication, if requested at the time the paper is submitted.
Drawings and photographs should be of high quality and referred to consecutively in the text as Fig. 1, etc. with alphabetical notation for its sub-parts (Fig. 1a, etc). The maps have to be framed (lines like borders, rivers etc. should end at the frame line). The scale bar must be always included. Each figure must be presented in the manuscript on a separate page bearing the figure number, authors name and short title of paper. The desired position should be noted in the margin of the manuscript. Scales must be graphic.
Line drawings should be no more than twice final size. Line should stand reduction to 0.25-0.35 mm. The illustrations should be as simple as possible and designed to fit within one or two column widths. A copy reduced to the final size should accompany the manuscript. Symbols should be used consistently within a paper and be limited where possible to open and closed circles, squares and triangles. Labelling should be simple, limited and clear at the final reduction (1 mm lower case and 2 mm upper case and numerals).
A separate page listing the full captions of the figures formatted as for the rest of the text should precede the figures in the manuscript. Captions should be self-explanatory
Photographic images should be prepared with the same constraints as for other illustrative material but where required (micrographs, etc.) must include a scale bar (magnification is not adequate).
Authors may be asked to pay the extra costs for printing color figures.
Taxonomic descriptions
Headings for all taxonomic categories from subspecies upward should be centred. The name of a genus should be preceded by the word 'Genus' and followed by the unabbreviated name of the author. Similarly, the author of a species/subspecies should follow a species/subspecies name, also in taxonomic list if included. The I. Code of Z.N. (2000 edition) should be obeyed. 'gen. nov.', 'sp. nov', must follow a new species names and be separated from it by a comma.
Relevant taxonomic papers such as first description, redescription, etc., should be listed in references of a species in consideration, not only mentioned as the authors name + year in the text.
Synonymies. If adequate synonymies are in the literature they do not need to be repeated in full but they must be fully referenced. Otherwise references given must include the author, date, page number, and any figure numbers but not the publication, which is in the reference list at the end of the paper.
Descriptions and diagnoses should be written in 'telegraphic' style. Illustrations are encouraged as an aid to clarity and brevity.
Identification keys, if provided, should be concise, illustrated, and use unambiguous characters
Lodgement of Type and Voucher material.
New species described in the journal must be supported by the deposition of the primary type, usually the Holotype (and preferably some secondary types) in a named and accessible collection and the appropriate registration numbers cited in the type designation. Authors of non-taxonomic papers should lodge voucher material in a named and accessible institutional collection. This requirement can be waived only by the Editor, for example, where the data were gathered previously, or pertained to a protected species, and such waiver will be explicitly stated in the Acknowledgments.

Subterranean Biology Volume 1

Coppellotti Krupa O. & Guidolin L. - Taxonomy and ecology of ciliate fauna (Protozoa, Ciliophora) from karst caves in North-East Italy. p. 3

Ducarme X., Michel G. & Lebrun P. ­ Mites from Belgian caves: an extensive study. p. 13

L'uptàcik P. & Miko L. - Oribatid mites (Acarina, Oribatida) of Slovak caves. p. 25

Magniez G. J. - Contribution à la connaissance des Stenasellidae (Crustacea, Isopoda, Asellota) stygobies d'Extreme-Orient. p. 31

Magniez G. J. - Stygobitic Aselloidea of the Ibero-Aquitanian region. p. 43

Dumnicka E. ­ Observations on the distribution of aquatic fauna in Tatra mountain caves. p. 49

Cacchio P., Ercole C. & Lepidi A. - Calcium-carbonate deposition in limestone caves: microbiological aspects. p. 57

Grafitti G., De Waele J. & Blondé P. - Biospeleological researches in some caves of Zambia (Central South Africa). p. 65

Moldovan O. T., Racovitza G. & Rajka G. - The impact of tourism in Romanian show caves: the example of the beetle populations in the Ursilor cave of Chiscau (Transylvania, Romania). p. 73

Aumiller S. R. & Noltie D. B. - Chemoreceptive responses of Southern cavefish: Typhlichthys subterraneus Girard, 1860 (Pisces, Amblyopsidae) to conspecific and prey. p. 79

Plath M., Koiner K. E., Parzefall J. & Schlupp I. - Persistence of a visually mediated mating preference in the cave molly, Poecilia mexicana (Poeciliidae, Teleostei). p. 93

Moldovan O. T. - Sex recognition at the subterranean Leptodirinae (Coleoptera, Cholevidae). II. Biochemical approach and data integration. p. 99

Subterranean Biology Volume 2

Route N., Martinez-Ansemil E., Sambugar B., Giani N. - On some interesting freshwater Annelida, mainly Oligochaeta, of the underground waters of southwestern France with the description of a new species. p. 1

Gentile G., Sarbu S.M. - Trophic sources partition and population genetic structure of the isopod Androniscus dentiger from a chemoautotrophy based underground ecosystem. p. 7

Ketmaier V., De Matthaeis E., Cobolli M. - Pattern of gene flow and genetic divergence in the three Italian species of the cave cricket genus Troglophilus (Orthoptera, Rhaphidophoridae): allozyme data. p. 15

Culver D.C., Christman M.C., _ereg I., Trontelj P., Sket B. - The location of terrestrial species-rich caves in a cave-rich area. p. 27

Coppellotti Krupa O., Toniello V., Guidolin L. - Niphargus and Gammarus from karst waters: first data on heavy metal (Cd, Cu, Zn) exposure in a biospeleology laboratory. p. 33

Taborosi D., Hirakawa K., Stafford K. - Interactions of plant roots and speleothems. p.43

Arndt M., Parzefall J., Plath M.- Does sexual experience influence mate choice decisions in Cave molly females (Poecilia mexicana, Poeciliidae, Teleostei) ? p. 53

Plath M., Arndt M., Parzefall J, Schlupp J. - Size-dependent male mating behaviour in the Cave molly, Poecilia mexicana ( Poeciliidae, Teleostei). p. 59

Sawicki T.R., Holsinger J.R., Iliffe T.M.. - Four new species of the subterranean amphipod genus Hadzia ( Hadziidae) from caves in the western Pacific, with a re-evaluation of the taxonomic status of the genus. p. 65

Karanovic I. - Towards a revision of Candoninae (Crustacea, Ostracoda): on the genus Candonopsis Vavra, with descriptions of new taxa. p. 91

Magniez G. J., Bréhier F. - Bragasellus comasioides, sp. nov., crustacé isopode, asellote stygobie des Picos de Europa (Espagne). p. 109

Sendra A., Lara M.D., Ruiz Aviles F., Tinaut A. - Une nouvelle espèce du genre Plusiocampa Silvestri, 1912 (Diplura, Campodeidae) et données pour sa reconstruction paléobiogéographique dans les Bétiques. p. 113

Obituaries: Lucien-Charles GENEST p. 123
Bruno CONDE p. 127
Thomas C. KANE p. 133
New taxa described in this volume p. 137

Printed on October 31, 2004

Subterranean Biology Volume 3

Subterranean Biology Volume 4

Subterranean Biology Volume 5

Subterranean Biology Volume 6



Written by Jean-Jacques Geoffroy
© SIBIOS, 2010